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An umbilical hernia occurs when intestine, fat, or fluid pushes through a weak spot in the belly. This causes a bulge near the belly button, or navel. In children Umbilical hernias often occur in infants. Most of the time, they close on their own by the time a baby is 1 year old. But sometimes a hernia repair is needed. In adults, these can occur in people who have health problems that create pressure in the belly, such as being overweight, being pregnant, or having too much fluid in the belly (ascites). Other health problems can also lead to this. These include a chronic cough or constipation, and problems urinating because of an oversized prostate gland. Most of the time, a doctor can diagnose an umbilical hernia during a physical exam.
An umbilical hernia tends to get bigger over time. You may need to treat it, especially if it gets bigger or becomes painful. Without treatment, part of the intestine or fat can be trapped and blood supply to the tissue can be cut off. This can be very painful. It requires emergency surgery. Call your doctor right away if the bulge becomes swollen, painful, tender, or discolored.
The repair is usually done as an outpatient . It has few risks. You will probably be discharged from the hospital the same day you have the procedure. During the procedure: You have general anesthesia to make you sleep.The surgeon makes a small cut, or incision, just below or above the navel. Any tissue that bulges into the hernia sac is pushed back inside the belly. The muscles and tissues around the navel are repaired. Your doctor may also lay a piece of mesh over or under the weak spot to strengthen the area and prevent the problem from recurring. Then the cut is closed with stitches.
Open Inguinal Hernia Repair
For open Inguinal, a single long incision is made in the groin. If the site is bulging out of the abdominal wall (direct), the bulge is pushed back into place. If it is going down the inguinal canal (indirect), the hernia sac is either pushed back or tied off and removed. The weak spot in the muscle wall-where the hernia bulges through-traditionally has been repaired by sewing the edges of healthy muscle tissue together (herniorrhaphy). This is appropriate for smaller ones that have been present since birth (indirect) and for healthy tissues, where it is possible to use stitches without adding stress on the tissue. But the surgical approach varies depending on the area of muscle wall to be repaired and the surgeon's preference.
Mesh patches of synthetic material are now being widely used to repair hernias (hernioplasty). This is
especially true for the ones that recur and for large ones. Patches are sewn over the weakened area in the abdominal wall after the fat is pushed back into place. The patch decreases the tension on the weakened abdominal wall, reducing the risk the problem will recur.
What To Expect After Procedure
Most people who have open surgery are able to be discharged from the hospital the same day.
Recovery time is about 3 weeks. You most likely can return to light activity after 3 weeks. Strenuous exercise should wait until after 6 weeks of recovery.
Why It Is Done
Surgical repair is recommended for inguinal hernias that are causing pain or other symptoms and for the ones that are incarcerated or strangulated. Surgery is always recommended for inguinal hernias in children. Infants and children usually have open surgery to repair these.
How Well It Works
The open procedure for inguinal hernia repair is safe. The recurrence rate (ones that that require two or more repairs) is low (about 1 out of every 100) when the open procedure is done by experienced surgeons using mesh patches. Synthetic patches are now widely used for this in both open and laparoscopic procedures. Open surgery is different from laparoscopic surgery for hernia repair in the following ways: An open surgery requires one larger incision instead of several small incisions. If hernias are on both sides, a second incision will be needed to fix the other one. Laparoscopic surgery allows the surgeon to repair both hernias without making more incisions. Open repair can be done under general, spinal, or local anesthesia. Laparoscopic repair requires general anesthesia.
Laparoscopic Hernia Repair
Laparoscopic hernia repair is similar to other laparoscopic procedures. General anesthesia is given, and a small cut (incision) is made in or just below the navel. The abdomen is inflated with air so that the surgeon can see the abdominal organs. A thin, lighted scope called a laparoscope is inserted through the incision. The instruments to repair the hernia are inserted through other small incisions in the lower abdomen. Mesh is then placed over the defect to reinforce the abdominal wall. There are many things to consider when deciding if you should have this procedure, such as whether yours is incarcerated or strangulated and whether you have other conditions that need to be addressed before the repair surgery is appropriate.
What To Expect After Surgery
Most people who have laparoscopic repair surgery are able to go home the same day. Recovery time is about 1 to 2 weeks. You most likely can return to light activity after 1 to 2 weeks. Strenuous exercise should wait until after 4 weeks of recovery. Studies have found that people have less pain after laparoscopic repair than after open hernia surgery.
Why It Is Done
Surgical repair is recommended for inguinal hernias that are causing pain or other symptoms and for the ones that are incarcerated or strangulated. Surgery is always recommended for inguinal hernias in children.
How Well It Works
The chance of a hernia coming back after laparoscopic surgery ranges from 1 to 10 out of 100 surgeries done.
Laparoscopic surgery has the following advantages over open repair procedure: Some people may prefer laparoscopic repair because it causes less pain and they are able to return to work more quickly than they would after open repair surgery. Repair of a recurrent hernia often is easier using laparoscopic techniques than using open surgery. It is possible to check for and repair a second hernia on the opposite side at the time of the operation. Because smaller incisions are used, laparoscopy may be more appealing for cosmetic reasons.
What To Think About
Laparoscopic hernia repair is different from open surgery in the following ways: A laparoscopic repair requires several small incisions instead of a single larger cut. If hernias are on both sides, both can be repaired at the same time without the need for a second large incision. Laparoscopic surgery allows the surgeon to examine both groin areas and all sites for defects. Also, the patch or mesh can be placed over all possible areas of weakness, helping prevent a hernia from recurring in the same spot or developing in a different spot. General anesthesia is needed for laparoscopic repair. Open repair can be done under general, spinal, or local anesthesia.
Costa Rica, The Place to Go For Low Cost Hernia Repair Surgery
Costa Rica is rated one of the best places in the world to have surgical procedures performed. The World Health Organization rates Costa Rica higher than the U.S. and Canada. Plus, its one of the nicest and prettiest places on the planet to recover. The beaches are some of the most beautiful in the world and the mountains and volcanoes will amaze you. The cost of all procedures are much less than in the U.S., Canada or Europe. The hospitals are accredited and the Doctors are well trained, mostly in the U.S. And Europe.
For More Information Call 361-790-5071 or email at email@example.com
Thousands of people come to Costa Rica for Hernia Repair Surgery each year and save thousands of Dollars. An Umbilical Hernia Repair with Mesh Patch starts around $4,400.00
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